What distinguishes our party


The line that goes from Marx to Lenin, to the foundation of the Communist International and the Communist Party of Italy (Livorno 1921); the struggle of the Communist Left against the degenration of the International, against the theory of the "socialism in a singe country" and the stalinist counterrevolution; the refusal of the Popular Fronts and the Resistance Blocks; the hard work of restoration of the revolutionary doctrine and organ, in contact with the working class, outside the personal and electioneering politicking.



Warning for the Vistors


The internet behaves too often as a highly unorganizing factor since for the workers and militants who approach to the positions of the marxismo and the Communist Left becomes impossible to separate the wheat from the chaff among all the noise generated which makes virtually undistinguishable the various groups and small groups which one can find. Besides the possibility of the page being controlled, inspected and closed off.

In this sense we do not believe our function to be taking part in a futile "aesthetic" race with which many organizations mask their absolute lack of communist programmatical content neither crowd a website by lots of texts towards which we would hold a void support, completely separated from the material fight for communism.

“The life of the party must integrate itself everywhere, always and with no exception, in an incessant effort to graft itself in the life of the masses, and also in its manifestations influenced by guidelines opposed to ours. (...) In many regions the party has now at its back a notable activity in this sense, even though it will have to face more and more deep difficulties and opposed forces, superior at least statistically. It is important to estblish that, even where this work has not yet acheived an appreciable preparation, we refuse the position according to which the small party comes down only to consist in closed circles without links with the exterior, or limited to search support in the only world of the opinions, which is for the marxist a false world as long is it not treated as a superstructure of the world of the economic conflicts, it would be wrong for the party to subdivide its local groups into closed compartments which would only be active in one of the theory fields, study, historical research, propaganda, proselitism and syndical activities, which in the spirit of our theory and of our history are absolutely inseparable, and fundamentally accessible to every single one of the comrades.”(Theses of Naples - 1965)

We consider that nothing can substitute the collective study of the marxism texts and the discussion of the fundamental issues of the course of imperialism in direct contact with the militants organized in the Party and with the vicissitudes of the physical struggle of the working class towards its reorganization.

We maintain this contact point to facilitate the reference for comrades and supporters but we are absolutely far from the intention of presenting a complete picture of the content and feature of our activity whichs is carried out necessarily multiple fiels and aspects that no website can ámbitos y aspectos que una web no puede collect.

We encourage the workers and sympathizers who read these lines to check carefully the positions exposed in this page with the classical marxist ones maintained by Marx, Engels, Lenin and the Communist Left, defenderof the integral marxism ever since 1881, and to see them not as the opinion of one or several "individuals" but as dynamical balances of crashes occurred among real forces of notable greatness and extension. We encourage all of you to contact with the Party to ask for more material, to know and understand our militant activity to organize ourselves in the struggle to bring the capitalist monster down.



Program of the International Communist Party


The fundamental of the doctrine are the guidelines of the historical materialism and the critical communism of Marx and Engels, formulated in The Manifesto of the Communists, in The Capital and in their other fundamental works, base of the constitution of the Communist International in 1919, of the Communist Party of Italy in 1921, and contained in the ponits of the program of the party published in «Battaglia Comunista», nº 1 de 1951 and republished several times in «Il Programma Comunista».

We transcribe here the text of the program:

The Internatioanal Communist Party is constituted upon the basis of the following principles, estableshed in Livorno in 1921 in the foundation of the Communist Party of Italy (Section of the Communist International).

1.– In the current capitalist social regime and ever-growing contradiction develops between the productive forcesand the production relation, giving raise to the antitheses of interests and to the class struggle between the proletariat and the dominant burgeoisie.

2.– The current production relations are protected by the power of the burgeoise State which, no matter what is the form of the representative system and the use of elective democracy, constitutes the organ for the defense of the interests of the capitalist class.

3.– The proletariat cannot break nor modify the system of capitalist production relations, whence its exploitation derives, without the violent destruction of the bugeoise power.

4.– The essential organ of the revolutionary struggle of the proletariat is the class party. The communist party, gathering together the most advanced and decided part of the proletariat, unifies the efforts of the worker masses leading them from the struggles for group interests and contingent results, to the general struggle for the revolutionary emancipation of the proletariat. The party has the duty of spreading among the masses the revolutionary theory, of organizing the material means of action, of leading the working mass during the struggle assuring the historical continuity and the international unity of the movement.

5.– After the overthrow of the capitalist power, the proletariat will not be able to organize itself in dominant class if it does not destroy the old state machine and the imposition of its own dictatorship, that is, depriving of all rights and political function the bugeoisie class and all its individuals as long as they survive socially, and basing the organs of the new regime only upon the producing class. the communist party, whose programatic characteristic consists in this fundamental execution, represents, organizes and leads in a unitary form the proletarian dictatorship. The necessary defense of the prolatarian State against all counterrevolutionary attempts can anly be assured depriving the burgeoisie and all the parties hostile to the proletarian dictatorship, of any mean of agitation and political propaganda, and with the armed organization of the proletariat to refuse internal and external attacks.

6.– Only the force of the proletarian State will be able to systematically apply all the successive intervention measures in the relations of the social economy, which with the substitution of the capitalist system for the collective management of production and distribution will be effectuated.

7.– As a result of this economic transformation and the consequent transformations of all the activities of social life, the need of a political State will progressively be eliminated, and its machinery will progressively be reduced to the rational administration of human activities.

** ** ** ** **

The position of the party in front of the situation of the capitalist world and the worker movement after the second world war is based upon the following points:

8.– During the firts half of the XXth century, the capitalist social system has developped itself, in the economical field, with the introduction of employer unions with monopolistical aims and the attempts to control and lead the production and the exchanges according to central plans, until the state management of whole productive sectors; in the political field, with the growth of the police and military potential of the State and the governmental totalitarism. All these are not new types of social organization defined as a transition from capitalism to socialism, neither a return to preburgeoise political regimes; on the contrary, they are precise forms of even more direct and exclusive management of the power and the State by the most developped forces of the capital.

This process excludes the pacifist, evolutionist and progressive interpretations of the future of the buirgeoise regime, and confirms the forecast of the concentration and the antagonical disposition of the class forces. In order to be able to strengthen and concentrate the revolutionary forces of the proletariat with the potential that corresponds that of the class enemy, the proletariat must refuse, as its own reivindication and as an agitation method, the vain return to the democratical liberalism and to the demand of legal guarantees, and must historically finish with the method of alliances with transitory aims of the revolutionary class party, whether with burgeoise or middle-class parties of with pseudo-worker parties with reformist program.

9.– The imperialist world wars show that the disgregation crisis of the capitalism is inevitable, with the decisive openning of the period in which its expansion does not arouse the productive forces any more, but conditions its accumulation to a repeated and growing destruction. These wars have led to deep and reiterated crises of the world organization of the workers, since the dominant classes have been able to impose the national and military solidarity with either one of the belligerent sides. The only historical alternative that must be opposed to this situation is lighting again the class struggle in the interior until getting to the civil war of the working masses to overthrow the power of all the burgeoise States and of the world coalitions, with the reconstitution of the international communist party as an autonomous force in front of all the organized political and military powers.

10.– The prolterian State, since its machinery is a mean and a fight weapon in the historical period of transition, does not take its organizative strength from constitutional cánones nor from representative shemes. The biggest historical example of organization has been up till now the Worker Counsils, which appeared during the russian revolution of October 1917, in the armed organization period of the working class under the only guide of the boshevik party, the totalitarian conquest of the power, the dissolution of the COnstitutional Assembly, the fight to refuse the exterior attacks of the burgeoise governments, and to smash in the interior the rebellion of the defeated classes, of the middle and small bureoise classes, and of the opportunistic parties, infalible allies of the counterrevolution in its decisive fases.

11.– the defense of the proletarian regime, with the implicit degeneration dangers in the possible failures and withdrawals of the economical and social transformation work, whose integral execution is not thinkable within the limits of a single country, can only be assured by a continous coordination of the politics of the worker State, with the unitary international struggle of the proletariat of every country against its own burgeoisie and its state and military machinery, incessant struggle in whatever situation of peace or war, and through the political and programtical control of the world communist party upon the State machineries in which the working class has conquisted the power.



The degeneration of 'programma comunista' and our battle


On the first issue of "El Comunista" (nueva edición), May 1983, with which we resumed the publication of the Party magazine in Spanish, we published some modest but sufficient notes with the title “La degeneración de 'programma comunista' y nuestra batalla” (the degeneration of 'programma comunista' and our battle) that summarize the historical causes of that degeneration, the main external manifestations of the process and the decision to break (in January 1982, in the case of the Spanish section) with the formal discipline of an organization that no longer represented the historical thread of the Party. These notes were not a "local" elaboration of the Spanish section but had been published by the comrades of the Schio section in February 1983 as part of the international effort to maintain the continuity of the Party outside the degenerated formal organization.

We had been expelled first substantially – as had been expelled the positions of the Left in general by the so-called new course – and, because of this, we decided to break the formal discipline that for Marxists means nothing if it is not linked to the continuity of the line and to the unity of doctrine-program-tactics.

The subsequent confirmation that the direction of this formal organization no longer represented the historical thread of the Party was not long in coming. That direction against whose degeneration we had fought our battle successively exploded into fragments a few months later: in October 1982 (when El-Oumami, Proletarier and the Parisian center, broke away on an ever more activist basis); in June 1983 when the openly democratic "internal debate" is given free rein and a part of the editors steps aside; in January 1984 when the latter part recovered the publication through the court and the other part began to publish "Combat"; in 1985 when "il Comunista" detaches from "Combat" and merges with "le Prolétaire".

It is important to note that our No. 1 of May 1983 was issued prior to the quarrel for the control of "il programma comunista" starting in June 1983 between the different variants of the new course that had not openly declared themselves liquidationist of the formal wrapping of the Party and describes them all.




[El Comunista nº1 - may 1983]


With these modest notes we will try to explain to all those who knew us as a section of the Communist Party International why the rupture came about, between the organization Programma Comunista and us.  They are mainly addressed to those who followed our activities and saw us intervene in area struggles with continuity without superficiality and ephemeral enthusiasm; Who may have criticized us for what might have seemed to be an supposed sectarianism of our political and labor positions (but from the current state of "Communist Program" we can see where we can get to with even the slightest concession to positions which for us cannot be renounced), but have never been able to impute to us a lack of coherence in our work always linked to the red thread that goes from Marx to Lenin to the positions of the Italian Left.

Such a rupture was not improvised, but the inevitable conclusion of a laborious process, of at least two years, which has not seen us passive, enclosed in the ivory tower of a presumed political integrity (it would have been an anti-Marxist position), on the contrary, it has seen us lead in the front line a battle both inside and outside the organization to try revert, even with our limited forces, the lines of tendency that were moving further and further away from the classist course that had always been patrimony of our organization. On the other hand, we were aware, both of the infeasibility of making the whole Party achieve this reversion, as these tendencies had already taken deep roots (except perhaps in the remote case of a drastic change in the external situation with a generalized resumption of the class struggle), and of the need nevertheless to "rivet the nails" and to establish the bases so that the forces opposed to the "new course" would not be dispersed.

The degeneration of "Programma Comunista" did not happen suddenly (as, indeed, no communist party has ever degenerated from today to tomorrow; the war credits voted in 1914 by the German Social Democracy were not only the betrayal of a nucleus of corrupt leaders, but the product of material forces operating for years, which had succeeded in emptying, in a situation of relative social peace, the party of all will and possibility of struggle, integrating it into the bourgeois parliamentary system, even if on paper there remained high-sounding declarations of principle). The degeneration of "Programma" has not therefore been the work of a phantasmatic "gang of four" but of the tremendous process of a counterrevolution that has lasted more than 50 years and has allowed the infiltration in our organization, which was the only one that had managed, since 1945 until today, to preserve intact the programmatic and tactical heritage of Marxism, of fickle and empirical tendencies (although initially only tendencies and additionally masked under the guise of a formal discipline towards the principles).

Only few "islands" have been saved from this process, where there has been mostly the possibility of carrying out a constant work inside the working class, the existence of a network of sympathizers linked to the party on precise programmatic positions and on the unsurpassable tactical limits deriving from those positions, and above all the fusion between the old guard of the left and the new generations; there have been no jumps in the thread of time: the young have learned from the old, not only the ABC of Marxism, but a method and the sense of militancy have not existed at the moment when the first discordant indications reached the center of the party, nor a diaspora of comrades, aware of the change of course, nor the resolution, then mistaken (because a priori the albeit remote possibility of a reversal of the trend could not be excluded), to leave the organization. The question, moreover, had been sculpted in the Lyon theses of 1926.

"Being absurd and sterile as well as extremely dangerous, to pretend that the P. and the International are mysteriously ensured against any relapse into opportunism, which may depend on mutations of the situation as on the play of the residues of social-democratic betrayals, in the resolution of our problems, it must be admitted that any differentiation of opinion not reducible to cases of conscience or personal defeatism can be developed into a useful function of preservation of the Party, and of the proletariat in general from serious dangers. If these were accentuated, the differentiation would inevitably but usefully take the factional form, and this could lead to splits not for the childish reason of a lack of repressive energy on the part of the leaders, but only in the damned hypothesis of the failure of the Party, and of its submission to counterrevolutionary influences (...) In the present situation in the COMINTERN the constitution of an Left international opposition is not delineated, but if the development of the unfavorable factors here indicated were to be continued, the formation of such an opposition will be at the same time a revolutionary necessity and a spontaneous reflection of the situation".

On such occasions we therefore expressed, without "subterranean" work that does not belong to our tradition, all our doubts regarding the innovative tendencies circulating either in the center or in the periphery of the party, denouncing the state of crisis.

Indeed, since the beginning of the 70's the party has been going through a state of intermittent crisis. What are the causes? The crisis of the capitalist system is getting worse every year, unemployment is growing, layoffs are increasing, wages are decreasing, the living conditions of the proletarians are worsening and focusses of war are sprouting in every part of the globe while the commercial war is becoming more and more acute. However, this economic crisis does not correspond to a resumption of the class struggle and even if sporadically flames of workers' rage break out, the proletariat of the large metropolises shows very few signs of a resumption.

Opportunism, which has disarmed both materially and ideologically the proletariat in the first post-war period, still retains its disintegrating and demoralizing influence on the working class.

There are two elements to take into consideration: ECONOMIC CURVE: capitalist crisis on the rise and SOCIAL CURVE: (or of resumption of the class movement) flattened or directly in decline.

It was therefore a matter, and it was certainly not easy, not to get caught up in the anxiety of bridging the delay (subjectively unbridgeable!!! ) between these two curves, nor all the more reason to impute this delay to subjective causes, but rather to be even more firm in the face of this unfavorable situation in hammering back the nails of all time, in sharpening the weapons of critique, in reiterating the imperative limits of the rose of tactical eventualities already outlined in broad strokes for this historical cycle; work undoubtedly burdensome as the prodromes of the great revolutionary wave were not yet even in sight, but necessary and imperative in order to arrive with a party, albeit small but revolutionary, at the historic appointment of the coincidence of the two curves.

Within "Programma Comunista" one hears more and more often talk of phase delay, of old and inveterate habits to be forgotten, of a new historical cycle that has caught the party insufficiently prepared and consequently of the need to bridge the "delay" (that is, to voluntaristically bridge the delay between the economic curve and the social curve).

Since the working class is "amorphous," preferential sectors of intervention are identified such as students, the unemployed, tenants, women, youth, and the subproletariat (who may in fact be those most affected by the crisis, but certainly possess no class homogeneity precisely because they are not classes) by identifying them as the most sensitive strata of the proletariat from where the struggle can extend out to involve the working class (while if anything the process occurs in precisely the opposite way, that is, it is the semi-classes that are eventually dragged by the working class into the struggle). In the same vein, there is a tendency to overestimate the struggles of the proletariat and the left wing of the third-world bourgeoisie, and it is considered that the great jolt against the capitalist system can start from the periphery. Simultaneously and consequently, the rose of tactical eventualities of the party's intervention in the proletariat begins to dilate dangerously, in order to make up for the supposed delay. In 1951 the "Characteristic Theses" of the party said: "In order to accelerate the class resumption there are no ready-made recipes. To make the proletarians hear the class voice there are no maneuvers or expedients, which as such would not make the party appear as it really is, but as a disfigurement of its function, to the detriment and prejudice of the effective resumption of the revolutionary movement, which is based on the real maturity of the facts and the corresponding adaptation of the party, enabled in this only for its doctrinaire and political inflexibility."

In fact, the possibility of the "united front" is raised in a stasis and the agreement between political groups with limited influence on very limited workers' groups is dispatched as such (see C.N.C.L.[1]). A possible class patent is given to sectors of the pacifist movement (which represent one of the expressions of the bourgeois and counterrevolutionary ideology tending to the disarmament of the proletariat).

It starts with breaking with the method of organic centralism by using the weapon of expulsion to eliminate the critical positions that are increasingly being raised against deviationist tendencies. It finally goes so far as to not only support but even seek a link with an organization that has always been denounced as bourgeois, such as the P.L.O., at the international level.

Facing this "escalation", where in the end the eclecticism in tactical matters has been translated into the reneging of positions of principle, where it was no longer possible, unless risking falling behind, to remain in such an organization, we have refused the acceptance of formal discipline, because another discipline, not caporalesque, has always guided us. We have maintained links with other comrades (Spain, Italy in particular, but not only) who, like us, were opposed to the "degringolade" (somersault) of the party. In the activity for the rupture we have claimed, once again, the method always adopted by the communists to reach a split that was organic and not voluntarist, clear and not the fruit of suggestions of the moment, in a battle that has always been open and not clandestine.

We have always been guided by the claim to our tradition, to our principles, to our method, the adherence to the work that was reaffirmed in the party since 1952.

We will continue on this path of the Left with all those comrades who work for the integral reaffirmation of the communist program.


[1] “Comitato Nazionale Contro i Licenziamenti” (National Committee Against Dismissals)